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The collection of Iraqi and Kurdish Ephemera is the work of Kashkul, a research, preservation, and translation collective composed of students and scholars based at the Institute for Regional and International Studies (IRIS) at the American University of Iraq, Sulaimani (AUIS).

The Iranian Green Movement became synonymous with protests that lasted for nearly a year beginning after the contested 2009 Iranian elections. This collection brings together ephemera instrumental to the planning, promotion and reporting of Green Movement protests.

The collection of social media, underground newspapers and thousands of videos from most protests during the first year after the 2009 elections in Iran directly from activist groups inside Iran. These two collections of digital ephemera offer scholars a new and unique tool for studying the ephemera regarding modern Iranian and Arab political movements.

The collection is curated by Ali Jamshidi, the founder and administrator of what became one of the most important social media platforms for the distribution of information about the Green Movement and its post-election protests. Ali founded Tahavole Sabz, one of the most prominent reformist Iranian journalistic outlets and he has collaborated intensively with journalists from other more internationally famous reformist outlets.

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Contributor Pages

We would like to recognize the many contributors who made this collection possible.

Kirkuk’s Great Sufi Mosque: the Talabani Tekiye

The short film clips in this collection detail one day of devotion within the Talabani Tekiye. It is an Islam of love, individualism, and exploration.

A Prisoner’s Life in Abu Ghraib

This collection includes objects and books made by Adnan Mohammed Hasan, a prisoner in Abu Ghraib under Saddam Hussein. Saddam Hussein imprisoned his Communist and Islamist political opponents, including many Shia from the Dawa party like Adnan. During long sentences in Abu Ghraib, prisoners found ways to fill their time and keep themselves from surrendering. 

Villages of Sulaimani (1960-1980)

Dr. Sherko Ali’s collection of photographs shows his family members in the villages and farms around Sulaimani in the 1960s and 70s.